Korean Alphabet & Construction

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Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by Michelle on Sun Feb 03, 2008 4:51 am

Vowels
ㅏ a
ㅑ ya
ㅓ eo
ㅕ yeo
ㅗ o
ㅛ yo
ㅜ oo/u
ㅠ yoo/yu
ㅡ eu
ㅣ i/ee

Consonants
ㄱ g/k
ㄴ n
ㄷ d/t
ㄹ l/r
ㅁ m
ㅂb/p
ㅅ s
ㅇ ng
ㅈ ch
ㅊ ch'/j
ㅋ k
ㅌt
ㅍp
ㅎh

Example
ㅎ + ㅏ + ㄴ = 한 han
ㄱ + ㅡ + ㄹ = 글 gul
한 han + 글 gul = 한글

Double Constanants
ㅐ eir
ㅒ yeir
ㅔ ere
ㅖ yere
ㅘ wa
ㅙ where
ㅝ wo
ㅞ weo
ㅟ weou
ㅢ wei

Vowels in the korean languages may be attached to the left, right or beneath each other in order to form a word.
When constructing a word, you must add a mixture of consonants and vowels, beginning with the consonant at the beginning of the word. In some cases, there is no need to use a consonant at the beginning in which case ㅇ (null character) is used.

Example:
ㅎ + ㅏ + ㄴ = 한 han
ㄱ + ㅡ + ㄱ = 극 guk

Constructing Words
A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "vertical vowel" is written with the consonant on the left and the vowel on the right
ㄴ + ㅏ = 나
n + a = na

A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "horizontal vowel" is written with the consonant on top and the vowel underneath:
ㅁ + ㅗ = 모
m + o = mo

If a syllable has a consonant, vowel, and consonant, the final consonant, called patch'im (meaning "supporting floor" in Korean) goes to the bottom -- or floor -- of that syllable.
ㅁ + ㅏ + ㄴ = 만
m + a + n = man

Credits: learn-korean.net


Last edited by on Mon Feb 04, 2008 8:29 pm; edited 3 times in total
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by Tangera on Sun Feb 03, 2008 8:41 am

yay! I have mastered (somewhat) the alphabets, but I don't have the time to start on the verbs and sentence structures etc. so sad! Sad Thanks for teaching, anyway!
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by [*SoLikeVi*] on Mon Feb 11, 2008 1:25 pm

i have a question : what's the meaning of <?> ?
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by strawberrybj on Mon Feb 18, 2008 7:45 am

^ what do u mean? it is a red question mark to me...

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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by aznsaranghae on Thu Feb 28, 2008 4:56 pm

This is so helpful. Thank you so much. (^__^)
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by luvulongtym on Fri Apr 04, 2008 9:56 am

ㅌㅎㅏㅌ ㅣㅅ ㅏㅞ ㅅ ㅗㅁ Surprised
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by photogeneric on Tue Apr 15, 2008 10:50 pm

luvulongtym wrote:ㅌㅎㅏㅌ ㅣㅅ ㅏㅞ ㅅ ㅗㅁ Surprised

haha, I don't know if you did it on purpose, but this alphabet system isn't meant to spell out words this way.
It's not like the Roman alphabet :p

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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by luvulongtym on Wed Apr 16, 2008 9:39 am

oh.. i am american.. so i don't really know.. maybe i need help...
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by bunnixluv72 on Mon Jul 28, 2008 1:28 am

ARGH kinda hard >.<
need tutor...
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by Cutie on Mon Jul 28, 2008 2:12 am

^In what?

Tomorrow I'll give another full length thing on this... its 12:12 am my time now so... XD

I'll simplify it though.. because I hate complicated things.

But once the basics are understood, its really easy ^^
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by jiyong on Wed Nov 26, 2008 9:44 am

urgh!!!
it's harder than i tot...
i better find sum1 to teach me in personal..
nway, thnx michelle..
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by acidburn83 on Fri Feb 06, 2009 7:00 pm

Thank you!
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by toocutedoggy on Fri Feb 06, 2009 10:30 pm

oh gosh.... i can't never to do this ( maybe i dun read it hard enough)

i just like reading the actual words ( well some) but i can't read out of the parts....lmao
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by acidburn83 on Sun Feb 08, 2009 5:11 pm

hello again. Just wanna thank you and it really helps me. I know how to write in korean now and still learning to read. I practiced for 2 days. I just wish I know where to buy an english-korean dictionary. I really wanna learn hangul. Thanks again.
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

Post by snow on Sun Jul 05, 2009 4:45 am

can i ask something guys? does this site have Korean people? :) Very Happy
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Re: Korean Alphabet & Construction

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