Government of the United Kingdom

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Government of the United Kingdom

Post by wangrong on Tue Jan 04, 2011 10:45 am

The Government of the United Kingdom, officially known in the United Kingdom as Her Majesty's Government,[1] is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.[2] It consists of those Ministers responsible for the conduct of national affairs, also known as the frontbench.[3]

The Government is led by the Prime Minister, who selects the other members of the Government. The Prime Minister and the other most senior Ministers belong to the supreme decision-making committee, known as the Cabinet.[2]

Under the UK constitution, executive authority lies with the monarch. This authority is exercised only by, or on the advice of, the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.[4] The Cabinet members advise the monarch as members of the Privy Council. They also exercise power directly as leaders of the Government Departments.

The Government Ministers are usually all members of Parliament, and are accountable to it. The Government is dependent on Parliament to make primary legislation,[5] which means that in practice a government must seek re-election at least every five years.[6] The monarch selects the Prime Minister as the leader of the party most likely to command a majority in Parliament.[3]

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